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All young people must now stay in education or training until their 18th birthday. Many young people choose go to Further Education College at 16 or 18 so they can develop their skills and qualifications before they progress into a job or higher education course, either at a college or a university.
Explore college's websites to find out what they offer, and read on to see more details about the different courses and qualifications that colleges generally offer.
All courses at a college include maths and English and the opportunity to gain GCSEs or functional skills qualifications in these subjects if they have not already been achieved before you start the course.
Some colleges also offer an opportunity to re-sit other GCSE subjects.
A lot of students opt to study A levels after their GCSEs. Entry requirements are typically 5 GCSE A*-C grades (grades 9 to 4 in the new GCSE grading system) at GCSEs. Some subjects may ask for additional grades. For example, to study Further Maths A level, you might be required to have achieved an A (8 or 9) grade in your GCSE maths.
Students studying A levels typically select 3 subjects to study over two years. The subjects you can do will vary between colleges so make sure you check out what is being offered. In some colleges, where timetabling allows, students can take an A level alongside a vocational course like a BTEC. A level re-sits are sometimes available and some colleges will also encourage A level students to do extended maths or English courses alongside their A levels, or produce an Extended Project.
At some colleges there is an option to study an International Baccalaureate. An IB is made up of the following:
3 compulsory, core 'elements':
In addition, students take six subjects – three at standard level, three at higher level. This gives more options than A levels when it comes to choosing a mix of subjects.
The six subjects are:
Courses that Lead to a Specific Career
For students that know what job/career they want to do colleges offer courses that lead to qualifications for specific job areas. These can be referred to as vocational, technical or professional qualifications. Often they are awarded by industry bodies rather than exam boards. These courses provide a combination of practical training and relevant academic learning. They are usually very practical and involve learning in real situations, with real customers, such as cutting hair in the college salon which will be open to the public, cooking for paying customers in the college restaurant or installing bathrooms in the plumbing workshops.
If you have a vocational area you are interested in – but would like to keep your career options open - then colleges offer courses that lead to a general vocational area, such as business, fashion, health and social care, art and design, engineering, etc. These courses are offered at a range of levels and enable a student to progress to employment, apprenticeships or university. Often these study programmes include work experience or work placements.
If you are not sure what you want to do, some colleges offer courses where you can try out a range of different subjects and then decide which one you want to continue with at the end of the year.
There are courses to help develop your maths, English, study skills, confidence and employability.
An apprenticeship is a full-time job with training. A college can provide the training and may be able to support students with finding an employer. Some apprenticeships are delivered entirely in the work place through visits by an assessor. Some require the student to attend college once a week or for a week at a time. Apprenticeship frameworks include a qualification relevant to the job, some English, maths and other elements.
Traineeships are ideal for young people who want to get a job or apprenticeship but who lack the skills and experience that employers are looking for. Traineeships help young people get ready for the world of work and improve their chances of getting an apprenticeship or other job.
Traineeships can last anything from 6 weeks to a maximum of 6 months and can include:
Different colleges offer work placements in different types of job sectors such as sport, business and IT.
Who can do a Traineeship?
Will I be paid?
Traineeships are unpaid. However some colleges will pay a training allowance and also may cover other costs such as travel or lunch.
This one year course is aimed at adults who have been out of education for at least two years and would like to go on to study a Higher Education course.
Although there are no formal qualifications required, some colleges may insist on A* – C (9 - 4 on new GCSE grades) in maths and English GCSE, as these qualifications are often required by universities. Some colleges may offer a Pre-Access year for students to achieve their maths and English GCSEs.
Access courses are offered in a range of different subject areas, such as medicine, social sciences, engineering, etc. Courses are designed to help students get onto specific university courses.
Colleges offer a vocational Higher National Certificate (HNC) or Higher National Diploma (HND) either full time or part time alongside a job or a Higher Apprenticeship. These courses can lead on to the second year of a full time degree or to career development in a job.
Some universities also offer higher education courses such as Foundation Degrees which are delivered at a college. Usually these are two years full time and focus on a specific job or profession. They can lead directly on to the final year of a degree course in the subject area.
These courses usually cost a lot less than studying at a university. They often have flexible entry requirements and may look at relevant work experience as well as academic qualifications.
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